Question Types & When to Use Them
Quizzes are often through to only be useful for quick knowledge checks, however different question types allow you to test different levels of knowledge. Bloom’s Taxonomy opens in new window is a model that is used to classify different levels of comprehension, starting with the lower levels such as remembering and understanding, and then moving upwards to create/evaluate. The table below goes through this in more detail, matching quiz question types to the levels of the Blooms Taxonomy they practice.
Why are we showing you this? Many of your learning objectives will probably contain some of the verbs above – remember, understand etc. so when you want to test those learning objectives, referring back to this table can help you understand how you could use quizzes to assess theses.
What Question Type Should you be Using?
Choose your question types according to what level of understanding you want to practice:
This is one of the more basic question types, aligned with Level 1 of the Bloom’s Taxonomy – remember i.e. The world is round – True or False.
This is a fairly versatile question type, and aligns with a couple of different levels in the Bloom’s Taxonomy; remember, understand, analyze and apply.
Remember/Understand: Identify a grouping of items.
Analyze/Apply: Ask learners to apply a concept in a scenario. i.e. Which of the following approaches would you use when dealing with difficult employee? Pro Tip: An answer could contain a number of options in order.
MS questions test a learner’s ability to remember and understand, although it can be used in the upper levels of the Bloom’s taxonomy as well to test learner ability to analyze or evaluate.
Remember/Understand: Identify and group items i.e. Which of these are parts of the spine?
Analyze/Evaluate: If a patient came in complaining of back pain, which of the options below would be done by a nurse, and not a doctor?
Short answer questions allow learners to type in answers that can be graded using ‘regular expression‘, but are usually used to test lower levels of understanding like remember and understand.
Remember/Understand: What term is used to describe X?
Fill in the Blank
These questions are also used to test lower levels of the taxonomy, focusing on skills like remember, understand and apply.
Remember/Understand: Fill in a step in a process that needs to be memorized.
Apply: Conjugate a verb in a sentence, or on a more general level, talk about results of actions i.e. too much salt in diet creates X?
Both these question types help practice application and evaluation skills, although they are also great question types where you can insert images into the question text area to provide more context.
Matching: Looking at the scene, match each aspect to its risk factor.
Ordering: Order each step in the process chronologically (application)
Long Answer/Written Response
These question types are best at the higher ends of the taxonomy, and can help test a learner’s ability to apply, analyze, evaluate, and create.
Analyze/Evaluate: In X scenario, what steps would you go through to resolve the conflict and why? Pro Tip: If it’s a really long answer that requires referencing etc, maybe consider using assignments instead.
Create: Use written response questions to give learners the opportunity to reflect on their own behavior, give their own opinion, or formulate an unguided answer.
Within a quiz, use a variety of question types to test the different levels of knowledge and comprehension of a subject or concept.
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